What are Rotary Epilators?

The rotary epilators can be effective, but very painful. Instead of blades, a rotary epilator uses tweezers to pull out hair from the root. Instead of cutting the hair, the rotary epilators pull each strand which also leads to damage of the follicle.

- This follicle damage can lengthen the amount of time which hair grows back.

Advantages + Disadvantages

The use of rotary epilators has some advantages, but some disadvantages. Since it pulls hair right from the roots, it takes longer time before the hair grows back. The damage on the follicle impedes hair growth.

- It also prevents the follicles to become deeply embedded on the dermis and contributing to ingrown hairs. So, removing the hair will become less painful over time. Aside from that, regular use of this device will cause the hair to come out more thinly.

- The main negative to rotary epilators is the intense pain. Many people cannot tolerate it and even describe it as “torture”. There are some things you can do to lessen this pain, including  applying numbing cream or taking ibuprofen.

How to Use It

Rotary epilators will work best if the hair has grown to a length which will enable the device to grip and pull it. This allows the device to effectively pluck the hair. If the hair is not long enough, the tweezers in the epilator will not be able to hold on to the strands and that is why it would not work.

Ideally, it is best to exfoliate the skin before using this device. Use of a good exfoliating soap and scrub will help a lot. When dead skin cells are removed from the dermis, the epilator would not have a hard time pulling the hair. Aside from that, when there is no dead skin cells, ingrown hair may be avoided.

Using the epilator after a warm bath is also a good idea. Warm bath will open up the pores which will allow the device to pull hair with less effort. This means that the pain may be reduced too.

Epilator Tips

Fine hair may not be grasped by this device, so it might not work for other parts of the body. Also, short hair will not be pulled by the epilator. It also may cause a little pain the first time that it is used,  but this will be reduced over time because follicles will no longer be deeply rooted to the skin.

A rotary epilator should not be used for body parts that have sensitive skin like the bikini line or face but it works perfectly for the arms and legs. Applying a cooling moisturizer after using the rotary epilator may ease the pinching pain of hair plucking.

 

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Laser + IPL Hair Removal – what are the differences?

Both laser and IPL treatments are regarded as being effective to remove hair from various parts of the body. But, contrary to what a lot of people think, laser and IPL are very different…

Differences between Laser + IPL Removal

What separates the two is the particular spectrum of light being used. Laser utilizes only a single wavelength. IPL (aka: Intense Pulsed Light) uses an entire light spectrum so it has a broader wavelength compared to laser.

Both IPL and lasers work by targeting the pigment of the hair when used for prevention of growth or eliminating body hair. Both technologies work in the same manner. Light is absorbed by the melanin in the hair which then transforms to heat and kills or damages the follicle.

Since IPL utilizes a broader spectrum of light, some doctors believe that it works better and the targeting of the melanin pigmentation is improved. At the same time, IPL has less adverse effects on skin.

- Many people who have tried both the use of laser treatments and IPL feel that the two methods are both just as effective.

The main thing that has to be understood when it comes to laser and IPL is that it works best when there is enough pigment.

- With white, grey and blonde hair, these two methods may not be effective.

- Tan and dark complexions are also not ideal for any of the two because it may result to skin damage. Dark complexions may be a better candidate for electrolysis. Lasers target the melanin inside hair follicles. If skin is too dark, then the treatment may burn the dermis.

Interestingly, IPL was initially developed as a treatment for other health problems. It was then that doctors have observed that the use of IPL resulted to hair loss. This is the reason why it is being used not for permanent hair removal treatments.

Other Medical Uses for IPL

Aside from hair removal, IPL can be used to remove varicose veins and lessen the appearance of wrinkles.

With laser and IPL treatments, it takes several sessions before the hair stops growing back. With IPL, the pain of the treatment is reduced. It is also less likely that it will cause skin damage and abrasions or recurring hair growth. Both treatments are effective ways to remove hair, but you clinician may recommend one over the other due to your skin type .

 

 

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What is Transdermolysis?

Transdermolysis is one of hair removal that is gaining popularity. This procedure is also known as “no needle electrolysis”. It may sound like it is a new technology, but the truth is that this has been used for more than a decade.

People like transdermolysis because it is a non-invasive procedure that does not cause much pain and side effects. There are actually two main types of transdermolysis.

- The first method involves the use of electric tweezers which pulls out hair right from the follicle.

- The second type is the one that uses cotton swabs which transmit low voltage electricity.

Scientists and researchers have questioned the efficacy of transdermolysis in the past (This is because hair does not conduct electricity). They argued that it is not possible for low voltage current to get to the follicle and destroy it which should result to hair loss and preventing hair growth.

Today, the procedure for transdermolysis involves the use of conductive gel which is applied on the skin. Then a cotton swab that produces low current will be pressed on the skin.This electricity reaches the follicle and then destroys the hair down to its roots.

This procedure may be done in specialized clinics. There are also devices that are being sold in drugstores, salons and even online which will allow you to do the procedure at the comfort of your own home.

Transdermolysis is perfect even for thinner hair. It can cause a bit of discomfort but it is almost painless. Hair loss may not be permanent but the plus side of it is that regrowth will take longer time. It may take about a few weeks and even months for some people. It also causes the hair to become thinner when the process is done several times. As a precautionary measure, it is best to stay out of the sun after doing the procedure because it can cause redness and irritation to the skin.

If you are looking for a permanent solution, it is best to focus on laser treatment or IPL hair removal. Transdermolysis is a good alternative for removing unwanted body hair if you do not want to tolerate the pain of plucking, shaving or waxing.

 

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The Hair Growth Cycle – explained

The hair in our body is mainly comprised of a protein called keratin which gives it strength and structure. It is the same protein that can be found in our nails. Despite the thin strands, there are actually three different layers that can be found in hair. The core layer is called the medulla but it is just the thick strands of hair that has this.

The layer found at the middle is called the cortex which gives strength to the strands and determines the color and texture. The thin, protective layer of the cortex which is also the outermost layer is called the cuticle and this does not have any color.

Found right below our skin is the root of the hair that is wrapped in follicle. At the bottom of the follicle is found the dermal papilla which is responsible for growth of new hair. The dermal papilla is extremely significant when it comes to hair growth because the androgens in it dictate the hair development in individuals.

Growth of hair is governed by a specific cycle. The cycle can be broken down to three different stages:

The hair cycle is mainly focused on continuously increasing length but there is also a short period of rest. After that, hair falls off or sheds and then a new hair begins to develop.

As we grow older, the time spent on each stage changes. Maturity causes hair rest to become longer and growth reduces. Different individuals have varied patterns of hair growth because of the diversity caused by genetics.

- First stage of the hair cycle is the anagen or growing stage. This is the point when the hair continues to grow. What happens is that the cells that are found in the papilla split and come up with hair fibers. The follicles move deeper to the topmost layer of the skin so that proper nourishment may reach the rest of each strand.

- The second stage of hair cycle is the catagen stage. This is the intermediate stage wherein the hair stops growing and the follicles gear up for the resting stage. It is a transition stage for the hair which takes about one to two weeks. It is also when the follicles that are buried into the dermis are weakened and eventually disintegrates.

- The third stage of the hair cycle is called telogen. The hair rests and begins to shed. The strands that have completed its life begin to fall out to give way to regrowth. The hair and follicle goes into a halt for about one to four months before it falls.

So, no matter how much you take care of your hair, you will still see some of the strands falling off regularly. As long as it remains only to a few strands, you do not really need to seriously worry about falling hair.

 

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Facial Hair Removal – (Electrolysis vs. Laser)

If you are looking for a permanent way to remove hair, then your choices would be narrowed down to two popular procedures: laser and electrolysis. These permanent hair removal methods work similarly. They stop the growth of hair  by destroying the follicle.

There are some major differences in the two procedures, like speed, cost, and type of hair that can be removed.

Here are the two methods of hair removal in detail:

Electrolysis

Electrolysis makes use of low-level electrical currents to destroy the hair follicle and prevent hair growth. In this procedure, electric current is run through each follicle to create heat that destroys the hair at its root. Since the process is done one hair follicle at a time, it can be extremely can be time consuming (laser procedures have been reported to be up to 60x faster). Electrolysis is a procedure that must be done by a qualified technician, as improper technique can lead to extra time, higher costs, more pain, and even scarring.

Most professional electrologists today charge anywhere from $50 to $120 for a 1 hour session. For permanent results, some people require multiple sessions and maintenance, which should be calculated into your costs. However, once the hair follicles are permanently destroyed, you should be hair-free for the rest of your life.

Laser Treatment

Laser hair removal is also very effective at preventing hair growth over a long period of time. This methods also works by destroying hair follicles, but through heat instead of electricity. Multiple laser treatments can lead to permanent results, although maintenance and followups may be required. With laser treatment, the light beam targets melanin in the hair, which in turn destroys the hair follicles where they are usually located.

Once the hair follicle is damaged, hair growth is halted. Note though that laser treatment works best on light skinned individuals with dark hair. You might want to consult a laser treatment specialist whether you are a right candidate for this hair removal method.

Laser treatment however, can cover a much larger area during application. This means that unlike electrolysis, shorter treatment sessions are required with laser. Laser hair removal sessions can cost from $100 to up to $200 depending on the amount of hair and the area to be treated. There are also multiple treatments that may be needed for desired results, although there might be fewer sessions necessary.

 

 

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What Is An Electric Tweezer?

Tweezers have been used to remove hair for centuries, but improvements and new inventions have been introduced that makes them even more effective.  One of these is electric tweezers, and they utilize electric current to permanently remove hair.  This method was introduced in 1959 and currently direct current (DC) tweezers are the most popular.

How “Electric Tweezers” Work

As the tweezers hold the hair at the skin’s surface, an electric current is passed through the tweezer. The electricity passes through the hair to the root and damages the follicleThe damage is permanent or semi permanent (similar to electrolysis or laser removal).

Electric Tweezer Types

There are two main types of electric tweezers:

Galvanic electric tweezers which use direct current

Radio Frequency electric tweezers which use alternating current

Both of these types utilize an electric current to send down the hair follicle and destroy the hair at the root to prevent the hair from growing back.

Advantages of an “Electric Tweezer”

There are a number of advantages of electric tweezers including that they have minimal side effects and don’t cause significant amounts of pain.  Using this method for hair removal permanently removes the hair for some people, while others find it grows back eventually, but at a slower rate. The hair is held with the tweezers from 15 seconds to a few minutes.  It’s been quite effectively used to remove eyebrow and other facial hairs.  It’s generally a very safe method.

Disadvantages of  ”Electric Tweezers”

There are a few disadvantages with electric tweezers. It’s a very slow process because one hair is tweezed at a time.  In addition, it may not be completely permanent like some manufacturers claim. The follicle might regenerate after the tweezers damage it will electrical impulses. Also some people might find it difficult to tolerate the pain of the electrical impulse.

Background

There has been a lot of controversy about the effectiveness of electric tweezers and in fact the Federal Trade Commission barred them in 1985 because of accused deceptive advertising by one of the manufacturers.  A loophole was found because it only barred AC-run electric tweezers and manufacturers began making DC-powered tweezers.  These DC models are the predominant models in use today.  When people have an abundance of unwanted hair, particularly on the face, using electric tweezers has become a very popular method of removing the hair.  Even though there may not be studies proving their effectiveness, many people still swear it works well for them.

 

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Oral Medications To Prevent Excess Hair Growth

Women who experience hirsutism, which is abnormal hair grown on parts of the body, and people who experience hypertrichosis, which is excess hair growth on the body, often look for a way to prevent this undesirable hair.  Shaving becomes frequent and tiresome and they often look for medication to help.

So what are some oral medications to prevent excess hair growth?

How Oral Medication to Stop Hair Growth Works

There are actually some oral medications that do help with hypertrichosis, hirsutism, or just unwanted hair, by decreasing the production of testosterone in the body.  Basically these medications bind the receptors for the androgens which reduce the transformation of the hormones in the body that stimulate growth of the hair follicle.  They don’t exactly remove the hair (like shaving or other depilatories) but they inhibit the growth of the hair.

Specific Medication and Treatment

There are several varieties of oral medications including Spironolactone, Cyproterone Acetate, Ketoconazole, Finasteride, Gonadotrophin, and Flutamide.  The most popular treatment is the Spironolactone because it effectively limits the production of androgens and gradually reduces production of isozyme 5-alpha-reductase activity that works to stimulate the hair follicle.  Most people are prescribed between 50mg and 200mg per day, and for women it’s often combined with a contraceptive for the most effective results.

Another very popular oral med is Flutamide because it’s a very strong anti-androgen that binds the hair follicle androgen receptors and effectively blocks the stimulus for hair growth.  Doses of this medication range from 63mg daily to 750mg daily.  Cyproterone Acetate is a popular treatment to treat hirsutism in women. It ranges from 50mg to 100mg per day and some women combine lower doses with other protocols for even more effective results.

Another oral treatment is Gonadotrophin (GnRH), which has shown to be effective in reducing steroid production in the ovaries and effective in treating hirsutism when the ovaries are producing too many androgens.  This drug suppresses the production of the androgens and some studies have found this to be a very effective treatment when combined with other medications for hair reduction.

For women suffering from Hirsutism, there are a number of oral medications that have been proven to be effective in reducing this excess hair growth.  There are certainly advantages for women by not having to use expensive hair removal systems, and avoiding the pain and allergic reactions some cause; however, there can also be allergic reactions to these medications as well.

 

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Temporary Hair Removal – the top 5 methods

There are actually a variety of depilatory or epilatory methods that remove the hair temporarily; the main difference being the duration before the hair growth returns.

Some of temporary methods to remove hair include the following:

Shaving

Shaving is probably one of the oldest depilatory methods for temporarily removing unwanted hair.  There’s a variety of devices available from disposable to reusable shavers, and the shavers are designed for both men and women.  This is one of the least expensive methods that is safe and can be used at any time.  The disadvantage is that it’s temporary and must be done frequently.

 

Depilatories

Another method of temporary hair removal is through the use of chemicals that can dissolve hair at the surface of the skin.  This method is also inexpensive; and in many cases the effects may last longer than simple shaving.  One disadvantage is that it may cause burning or pain in some people who are sensitive to the chemicals.

Waxing

This is a more ancient method that uses hot wax placed on the skin so that when peeled off, the hair come off with the wax.  Waxing is one of the inexpensive methods that can be done at home, and the effects of this may also last longer than shaving.  The disadvantage of waxing is that it can be somewhat painful when the hair is pulled out and some people may have sensitivity to the wax.

Threading

Threading is a very popular in Middle Eastern countries because it uses a thread that is tied around the unwanted hair and uses the thread to pull the unwanted hair out.  It is most commonly used on eyebrows and other facial hair, but it must be done by professionals and can be expensive.  Other disadvantages include bacterial infections in the area, folliculitis, and reddening of the skin.

Sugaring

Sugaring is similar to waxing and is the oldest hair removal method.  A sticky paste is made of sugar and placed on the skin.  Cloth is pressed onto the pasted area and removed quickly – bringing the hair with it.  This is inexpensive, but can cause skin irritation with some people.

There are numerous other methods for temporary hair removal including tweezing, friction, epilation, flash lamps, and photoepilators.  With each process there are advantages and disadvantages but there is always one process that works best for each individual.

 

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What Is Hirsutism?

There are many women around the world who experience hirsutism, also called frazonism, which is an excessive or abnormal amount of hair on different parts of their bodies. Some women have excessive hair on their chests, and others even experience facial hair growth. This is typically seen on women with an unusually high level of testosterone.  Hirsutism isn’t a disease, but it may actually be a symptom of a disease.

Diseases that Cause Hirsutism

This condition is typically caused by an imbalance in the androgen hormones, specifically an abundance of testosterone stimulating hair growth. More recently there have been studies identifying increased levels of insulin found in women experiencing this troubling affliction, and these women tend to experience this malady significantly more often as well.  Some researchers believe that these higher concentrated levels of insulin stimulate the ovaries to produce more androgens.

There are also several conditions that contribute to this increase in hair growth including Cushing’s disease, Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasic, Stromal Hyperthecosis, Ovarian tumors, Adrenal tumors, and even Polycystic Ovary Syndrome.

Treatment

The most common method that most women use to treat hirsutism is various ways of hair removal including shaving, laser hair removal, electrolysis, tweezing, waxing, and various depilatories as well as other removal techniques including flash lamps and photoepilitory.  However, in more severe cases, a physician typically orders a variety of blood tests before prescribing a stronger treatment.

Certainly if the results include various tumors or other severe medical issues such as cancer different treatments are required.  However, there are a variety of oral medications that may be prescribed by the physician that have been found to be significantly effective.  Some of the effective pharmacological treatments include Spironolactone, which has been found to be one of the most effective; Cyproterone Acetate that is often more effective when combined with contraceptives; and Finasteride, Flutamide, and Elfornithine, which are androgen blockers.  Another drug that researchers have been studying is Metformin. This has been used by diabetics who are insulin resistant and has currently produced promising results.

The amount of hair on the body is normally determined by genetics, but when it’s excessive on the upper lip, chest, face, back, abdomen, arms, or legs, it can be measured as hirsutism by the Ferriman-Gallway score.  The Ferriman-Gallway score is a method that actually measures the location and amount of abnormal hair growth leading physicians to identify it as a medical condition that should be treated.

 

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Razor Burns: How to prevent and treat them

Although shaving still remains as the most convenient form of hair removal, it can cause conditions like razor burn or razor bumps in some people. A razor burn can occur when puckered hair follicles or irregular skin also gets shaved off after a close shave. This small cut on the shaved can look like a rash and can get irritated, leading to pimples or blisters.

Although very common, there are effective ways to prevent razor burns from happening to you. In the same way, there are also ways by which you can treat them once razor bumps happen to you.

Preventing Razor Burns

Razor burns are caused mainly by improper shaving techniques.

To prevent the discomfort and inconvenience of this condition, make sure to follow the following tips:

1. Exfoliate before shaving.

Shaving, as you know, does not only remove hair but it also scrubs away the upper layer of the skin. Exfoliating the skin before shaving can help remove these dead skin cells, thereby lessening the likelihood of razor bumps.

2. Make sure the area is moisturized and softened before shaving.

Soak the skin in warm water or steam, or apply shaving cream or gel before shaving. This allows the skin to soften and smoothen for an easier, safer shave.

3. Never use blunt razor blades when shaving.

Using blunt blades does not only increase chances of razor bumps, it also prompts close shave leading to cuts and skin damage.

4. Shave in small, slow strokes and tap the razor in between strokes under warm water to remove the hair.

Apply only adequate pressure and apply more cream or lubricant as necessary.

Treating Razor Bumps

Razor burns usually end up in scabbing. This goes without saying that your cut should be allowed to heal properly first before you attempt to shave again. If you want the healing to hasten, you can try some of the following treatment techniques:

1. Use a mild cleanser which contains aloe vera or salicylic acid to clean the affected area.

This can help remove dead skin that can clog pores and speed up the recovery of the razor burn. It also contains natural anti-bacterial properties to prevent further infection.

2. Do not apply any alcohol-based product on the razor-burned skin as it cause further irritation and may dry out your skin.

3. Do not touch, scrub or scratch the razor burn as it will increase the chances for infection to occur.

 

 

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